Sagunt is located exactly in the centre of the Mediterranean Arc, a privileged strategic enclave connected to first-class infrastructures by road, sea and air.
It has an area of 135 square kilometres and a population of 70,601 inhabitants.
Number of women: 34.750
Number of men: 34.789
Population figures: 70.601
Number of households: 34.789
Population density: 534.85
The city has two main areas: the Old Quarter or Sagunt city, located at the foot of the castle and the Roman theatre, and the Port of Sagunto, 5 km from the Old Quarter, which was formed sheltered by the industrial activity in the port area, thanks to the steel industry.
Many are the cultures and civilizations that have seen Sagunt as a key place for their economic and social growth.
Sagunt can well be defined as a monument city, heir to a glorious past. Founded more than 2,000 years ago in the middle of the Bronze Age, the vestiges of a splendid legacy remain latent with the magnificent Castle and the colossal Roman Theatre, among other emblematic monuments such as the remains of the Roman Circus, the Vía del Pórtico and Domus dels Peixos museum spaces or the old Jewish quarter.
Its heritage includes:
The Castle: it is a defensive fortification with a length of almost one kilometre. Walls of different periods and styles currently surround it. Also, Iberian, Roman, medieval and modern remains can be found. It was declared a National Monument in 1931.
In the Plaza de Armas there are remains of the Roman forum, a cistern carved into the rock, public buildings, vestiges of shops, religious buildings and the North and South buttresses that delimited the area of the public square. You can visit the «Epigraphic Antiquarium», in the Plaza de San Fernando.
The Roman Theatre: (1st century) is located at the foot of the hill crowned by the castle. In 1896 it was declared a National Monument. It had capacity for 8,000 spectators. In summer, artistic performances are held during the “Sagunt a Escena” Festival.
The Plaza Mayor was the centre of medieval Saguntine life. Its structure has remained unchanged. In the vicinity of the Plaza Mayor are the Municipal Palace and the remains of the Temple of Diana, a National Monument since 1963, and the only building that was saved from destruction by Hannibal.
The Historical Museum of Sagunt: it has a Gothic floor plan from the 14th century. Its interior contains a good sample of the important collection of archaeological pieces from excavations and finds that have been made in the castle, urban area and surroundings. His collection of Latin epigraphy is one of the most important in Spain. There are also inscriptions with Iberian and Hebraic characters; mosaics with varied decoration. One of the most important works is the Iberian Bull, a limestone sculpture from the 4th century BC. Other interesting pieces are the Iberian vases, Valencian bronze ceramics, the Bacchic Hermes and the head attributed to the goddess Diana.
Recent findings are:
Archaeological sites of Vía del Pórtico and Casa dels Peixos: the space called ‘Portici Via’ is formed by a 60m long Roman road, one of the main access roads to the city, cisterns, houses, places of worship, etc. In this space the evolution of the urban pattern of Saguntum is observed. The Domus dels Peixos. 2nd century AD is a Roman villa that reflects the Pompeian atrium house model and still preserves original wall paintings.
Berenguers House: it is an old Gothic palace from the 14th-15th centuries, with Renaissance influences, and where the city’s Visitor Reception and Interpretation Centre is located.
The Church of Santa María: it is located on the site of the old Murviedro mosque; construction began in 1334 in a Gothic style and was declared a National Monument in 1982. The Church of El Salvador (13th century) was built by order of Jaime I. Declared a historical-artistic monument in 2007.
Jewish Quarter Gate: access to the urban complex of the Jewish quarter, located in the upper part of the town. It is also called the Portalet de la Sang (Blood’s gate), because after the expulsion of the Jews, the synagogue was occupied by the Brotherhood of the Most Pure Blood of our Lord Jesus Christ.
Gate of the Roman Circus: the remains correspond to an old entrance door and are shaped like a rectangular prism.
Blood Hermitage: baroque in style and since 1607 it is the holy see of the Brotherhood of the Most Pure Blood of Our Lord Jesus Christ. Most of the liturgical acts of the Saguntine Easter start from here, and the scenes rest inside.
El Calvario, built in the mid-nineteenth century on the slope of Monte del Castillo, is a beautiful setting where, upon waking at dawn on Good Friday, the representation of the Passion and Death of Jesus Christ takes place.
Sagunto also stands out for its coastline of beaches of fine sand and clean and transparent waters that stretches for 13 km. Beaches such as Almardá and Corinto are recognized with the distinction of Blue Flags of Europe as areas of environmental and tourist excellence, also possessing all the quality distinctions.
Sagunt is located exactly in the centre of the Mediterranean Arc and has direct communications with Valencia, Madrid, Barcelona and Zaragoza and accesses to the rest of Spain, Europe, Latin America, North Africa and the East.
Seaport: integrated into the Valencia Port, it is part of the first port in Spain and is the natural exit for Madrid and Zaragoza. Its status as a logistics hub, its regular lines with North Africa and the Balearic Islands and its specialization in steel products, automobiles, gas and bulk, facilitate the distribution of goods to a wide hinterland and to practically all world markets.
3. PEOPLE AS THE ENGINE OF INNOVATION
Sagunt has a tertiary economy with a great agricultural tradition and a strong industrial component.
Equidistance with Valencia and Castellón facilitates access to universities and research centres in both cities and is the basis for the training of local human capital.
4. STRONG INDUSTRIAL SECTOR
Mainly from activities related to metal products. Recently, companies oriented to the production and distribution of energy have established in Sagunt. In fact, Sagunt has the capacity to supply a quarter of the state’s gas demand.
5. COMMERCIALIZATION OF PLOTS
6. REDUCTION OF BUREAUCRATIC AND ADMINISTRATIVE BARRIERS IN THE SETTLEMENT AND LOCATION PROCESSES
7. TAX INCENTIVES FOR INVESTMENT
8. LOCAL DEVELOPMENT OFFICE
9. QUALITY OF LIFE
Real estate that is the object of the activity of urbanization, construction and real estate development companies, both new construction and rehabilitation comparable to this one, and not listed among their fixed assets.
They will be entitled to a rebate of 95% of the full fee.
– Rebate of 95% of the fee: Cooperatives, Unions, Federations and Confederations, as well as the Agrarian Transformation Societies.
– Rebate of 50% of the fee: for those who start the exercise of any professional activity, during the five years of activity following the conclusion of the second tax period for its development.
– Rebate for job creation:
-Up to 50 per cent of the corresponding fee, for taxpayers who pay municipal taxes and who have increased the average of their workforce with indefinite contracts during the tax period immediately prior to the application of the bonus, in relation to the period before that.
If the workers whose hiring has caused the increase belong to any group subject to employment promotion measures, it may be agreed, at the request of the interested party, to raise the percentages by 5 percentage points, always with a limit of 50% (Disabled people who meet the requirements and conditions set forth in Law 13/1982 of April 7, on the Social Integration of Disabled Persons and RD 1451/1983, of May 11, on Measures to Promote Employment of Disabled Workers; under 25 years of age, long term unemployed, women).
– It is exempt from paying the tax the development of any construction, installation or work owned by the State, the Autonomous Communities or the local Entities, which being subject to it, is going to be directly destined for roads, railways, ports, airports, hydraulic works, sanitation of towns and their wastewater, although its management is carried out by Autonomous Organizations, whether it is new investment or conservation works.
– Rebates for declaration of special interest or municipal utility for the creation of indefinite employment for unemployed workers who are going to provide services in the centre object of the construction, installation or work that is subsidized.
– Rebates for declaration of special interest or municipal utility due to the concurrence of social, cultural or artistic historical circumstances, and other bonuses.
Due to the exceptional circumstances caused by the pandemic, the Sagunt City Council has implemented a series of measures that affect various sectors:
Advice to SMEs, Businesses and Freelancers
Implementation of an advisory service for SMEs, businesses and the self-employed to help them clarify all legal doubts arising from the state of alarm.
Approval of a plan of Aid to SMEs and Self-Employed of the municipality, for an amount of 1,800,000 euros, to mitigate the economic consequences caused by the health crisis caused by COVID-19 and thus propel the economic activity of Sagunto.
Adaptation of the face-to-face training to be offered through the online platform.
Program “forma’t a casa” with language courses, entrepreneurship and training to find a job.